“Abandon all hope ye who enter here.”
That, famously, is the inscription above the gates of hell in Dante’s Inferno, and, if Uncle Sam gets his way, it will be the first thing that comes to mind for any company seeking to skirt the sanctions on Iran that are snapping back into place in the coming months.
Why? Because there are a growing number of companies and even entire countries that are openly proclaiming that they will not go along with these latest US-imposed sanctions and will continue trading with Iran as before.
Now let’s be clear: There is always diplomatic arm-twisting and wrangling that occurs whenever a powerful nation (or group of nations) wants to sanction another nation. If a blanket UN resolution upholding the sanction regime fails to pass, there are always the tried-and-true tricks of carrot-and-stick diplomacy that can be deployed. Backs can be scratched, deals brokered, threats made, and hey presto! your ability to exert economic pressure on an enemy (even one who is already economically distanced from you) can be greatly amplified by your allies. For an example of this, see any of the sanctions that the US has slapped on Russia in recent years and note the way Canada, the EU and other US allies can be pressured into going along with them.
But this round of US-levied sanctions—attempting to block businesses from trading with large swaths of the Iranian economy—is decidedly different. For example, it’s not often that you see a US Treasury Secretary publicly threatening a major American company, but that’s essentially what happened when swamp creature Steven Mnuchin told Boeing (as well as Europe’s Airbus) that they will “have their licenses revoked” for dealing with Iran, thus costing the defense contractor tens of billions of dollars in lost business.
Neither is it common to see the outright threat to punish allies who don’t go along with sanctions against enemies, but that’s precisely what happened when swamp creature John Bolton suggested there would be secondary sanctions on European companies that trade with Iran.
The pressure seems to be working. Many companies are already throwing in the towel and caving to the pressure. France’s Total has already announced that it is highly unlikely it will be able to continue with its investment in the South Pars natural gas field development, and the chairman of the world’s top oil trader has declared the sanctions to be unavoidable (inspiring the particularly blunt headline “There’s No Getting Around Iranian Sanctions” from OilPrice.com).
In other words, “Abandon all hope ye who trade with Iran.” Except…
The very fact there are so many outright threats and so much overt arm-twisting being applied to bring everybody on board with these sanctions tells us that not everybody is on board with Uncle Sam’s plan. We’ve already seen how European leaders are at least talking tough about resisting the US on this issue, and now even the neocon warhawks and their media lapdogs are openly questioning whether the sanctions will harm the American war machine’s efforts to “stabilize” (read: extract the mineral wealth from) Afghanistan.
But what about skirting the sanctions altogether? How tough would it be for companies (or countries) that actually want to stand up to the US to get around this economic embargo?
Well, just ask Sushma Swaraj. He’s the foreign minister of India, and he just made a public declaration that India will only “comply with UN sanctions and not any country-specific sanctions.” Given that India is a long-time trading partner of Iran and has always been thirsty for Iranian oil, Swaraj’s declaration is a major victory for Iranian foreign minister Javad Zarif, who is currently on a diplomatic tour trying to drum up just such support from Iran’s trading partners.
The other stops on Zarif’s tour? China, Russia and Brussels.
China won’t need much convincing. Already in a tense trade dispute with the US on a number of fronts, China wasted no time at all jumping into the vacuum created by the US sanctions. A new 8,000-kilometer railway link between China and Iran just happened to open at the very moment that Trump was announcing the intention to snap back sanctions, plus China’s CNPC has already said they’ll fill the hole in the South Pars development deal left by Total, plus a Chinese investment firm has just announced plans to spend $2 billion building an oil refinery in the north of Iran. And lest there be any inkling of doubt as to China’s stance on all this, the Chinese foreign ministry just confirmed they’ll be specifically addressing “how to avoid major disruption of joint projects” with Iran at a regional summit next month.
Similarly, Russia—also the victim of a number of US sanctions—is highly unlikely to start winding down its business dealings with Iran. On the contrary, a recent meeting between Iranian and Russian officials ended with the decision to formulate a plan for skirting international banking sanctions by transacting in cryptocurrency.
And Europe? Well, in addition to the “with friends like that…” and “unreliable” jabs that have been wafted at the White House from various EU leaders in recent months, there’s now the sticky issue of an entirely different set of sanctions. Namely, the steel sanctions which, it turns out, the US is going to impose on the EU after all. So while Brussels is lining up at the WTO for a chance to sue Washington, it’s just possible that the EU countries might be tempted to defy the US on the Iran issue as well.
Of course, one of the key challenges in transacting with Iran in an era of renewed US sanctions is the fact that the vast majority of international trade is still settled in US dollars. But for those intent on circumventing the American trade restrictions, all this really does is incentivize the shift away from the dollar to other settlement currencies. Hence India’s rice and tea exporters “are keen to trade [with Iran] in Euro [sic] or any other currency” to circumvent the dollar, and the EU is now contemplating buying Iranian oil in euros.
Other, more creative options exist for those businesses, individuals and countries that wish to get around the Iranian embargo. Iranians have long used pay-for-play citizenship in locations like St. Kitts and Nevis to skirt restrictions on trade, and it should be remembered that the gas-for-gold scheme that Turkey and Iran used to dodge the nuclear sanctions last time around—one of the most elaborate sanction evasion schemes in history—was only recently detailed in court.
And so, it seems that there is an alternate inscription that could be written above the gates of the Iranian sanction regime. Not “Abandon all hope ye who enter here” but “Where there’s a will, there’s a way.” Or, in other words, if the political will exists to defy the US on this issue, you can be sure that a way will be found to do it.